Archaeology Sheet This sheet describes a number of different fields and asks you to choose which ones you think would be most likely to have interesting archaeology hidden underground.
This would naturally depend greatly on her social class as well as regional and period differences. The word wif 'wife, woman' might be connected with weaving, which implies that cloth-making was associated with women.
It would then seem that men were traditionally warriors or hunters, while women were cloth-makers and embroiderers. This view is also supported by other literature from that time and by grave findings.
Furthermore, the feminine occupational suffix stere was used to form words such as seamster, spinster and webster, all connected with cloth-making.
From wills we know that a wealthy Anglo-Saxon household contained a variety of soft furnishings: In the Anglo-Saxon household, food was prepared by male slaves alone or men and women equally, but preparing and serving drink was women's job. This is confirmed by surnames such as Brewster, Malster and Tapster, and by heroic poetry, where the lady is always the one to serve the drinks.
If a man lie with an eorl's birele, let him make bot with twelve shillings. If a man lie with a ceorl's birele, let him make bot with six shillings. In monastic life, gardening was done by laywomen. Another possible occupation for a woman was that of an entertainer - there are a few examples of this in literature.
Daily life was far from easy for people in Anglo-Saxon England. Women especially had a high mortality rate because of the dangers of pregnancies, miscarriages and childbirth - lack of iron has also been suggested to as one reason. Examination of skeletal remains has revealed that common ailments included earache, toothache, headache, shingles, wounds, burns, and pain in the joints.
Another source of information on this subject are manuscripts offering medical advice; some remedies deal specifically with female matters, often mixing common sense and superstition. Here is an example of quite practical advice for women as cited in Fell: A pregnant woman ought to be fully warned against eating anything too salt or too sweet, and against drinking strong alcohol: Marriage and Sex As far as marriage is concerned, Anglo-Saxons generally had clear and sensible legislation for the rights of women.
The husband was to pay morgengifu 'morning gift' in money or land to the woman herself, and she would have personal control over it to give away, sell or bequeath as she chose. Places with names such as Morgay Farm and Morgay Wood were probably given as morgengifu, so the amount of land given seems to have been fairly large at least in these cases.
Marriage agreements were made between the two families but the girl did have a say in who she married, and her kin seem to have mainly acted as legal and financial advisers. The following is an example of an Anglo-Saxon marriage contract as cited in Fell: Here is declared in this document the agreement which Godwine made with Brithric when he wooed his daughter.
In the first place he gave her a pound's weight of gold, to induce her to accept his suit, and he granted her the estate at Street with all that belongs to it, and acres at Burmarsh and in addition 30 oxen and 20 cows and 10 horses and 10 slaves.
Within marriage, finances belonged to both the husband and the wife. This we know from wills and charters. If she wish to go away with her children, let her have half the property. This gave women independence and security. For the purpose of protecting married women, there was also a law that a wife shall not be held guilty for any criminal activity of her husband.
Widows were protected in the issue of inheritance: Attitudes to women were more dominated by class than sex in Anglo-Saxon England. The basic class distinctions for women were slave vs.
In addition, a free woman would get the money for herself, but the fine for a slave would be paid to her master. However, heroic literature has several examples of slaves rising from their original class.
Beowulf, for instance, mentions a queen called Wealhtheow, which means foreign or Welsh slave. Because people were allowed to choose their spouses, marital relationships could be very rewarding. The word 'friendship' was often used for the relationship between husband and wife.
Unsurprisingly, there is little evidence of organised prostitution in Anglo-Saxon England.The Anglo-Saxons were a people who inhabited Great Britain from the 5th skybox2008.com comprise people from Germanic tribes who migrated to the island from continental Europe, their descendants, and indigenous British groups who adopted some aspects of Anglo-Saxon culture and language.
Historically, the Anglo-Saxon period denotes the period in Britain between about and , after their. The Sword is closely associated with all that was most significant in a man's life in the Anglo-Saxon world: family ties, loyalty to a lord, the duties of a king, the excitement of battle, the attainment of manhood, and the last funeral rites.
ENGLAND, ANGLO-SAXON NOBILITY. v Updated 11 October RETURN TO INDEX. TABLE OF CONTENTS. INTRODUCTION.. Chapter 1. DEVON.
The "Anglo Saxon Attitudes" story is told through the eyes and memory of Gerald Middleton, played by Richard Johnson, who is a retired historian with little to show for his working life. One of the earliest known medical textbooks in the English language is Bald’s Leechbook, a three-volume anthology (the third of which is believed to be independent) of Anglo-Saxon cures. The Sword is closely associated with all that was most significant in a man's life in the Anglo-Saxon world: family ties, loyalty to a lord, the duties of a king, the excitement of battle, the attainment of manhood, and the last funeral rites.
Chapter 2. EAST ANGLIA. Chapter 3. Þonne beoð þy hefigran: Then are the heavier: heortan benne, the wounds of the heart, sare æfter swæsne.
grievous (sare) with longing for (æfter) the lord. About See also: Wikipedia:Tutorial on Old English, Wikibooks:Old English, Introduction to Old English by Professor Peter S. Baker of UVA Old English, otherwise known as Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest and longest stage of the English language, having existed in the original time span of about AD to AD, when the language began to evolve from its West Germanic Anglo-Frisian roots into.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle began to be compiled in around A.D., at the command of King Alfred the Great ( ) and consists of a series of annals written in the Old English language.. Alfred ordered that copies be made of the original manuscripts and distributed to monasteries across the length and breadth of England, which were to be regularly updated.