Posted on February 17, by Scott Alexander I got many good responses to my Considerations On Cost Disease post, both in the comments and elsewhere. A lot of people thought the explanation was obvious; unfortunately, they all disagreed on what the obvious explanation was. Below are some of the responses I found most interesting.
Art as more than a mere visual representation of objective reality: What motivating factors are there?
Art as the depiction of modernity: Art as a means of social or political engagement: Art as a reflection of history: These key themes can be explored in an hour and Underlying causes of wwi minutes through a variety of examples, including: Automatic drawing or painting occurs when the artist makes an attempt to remove the conscious mind from the act of creation, through doodling or applying paint to a surface in a haphazard or unplanned manner.
Built on the influences of Expressionism, Neoplasticism, Constructivism among othersthe Bauhaus—exemplified here in the work of Herbert Bayer and Marcel Breuer—was a revolutionary new take on the traditional art school model, bringing the fine arts painting, sculpture, and architecture and the applied arts typically, design fields like furniture, stained glass, woodworking, printmaking, and so on under one roof and one curriculum.
It is exemplified here in the performance of Hugo Ball and the readymades of Marcel Duchamp. As such, it stands as a sort of antidote to nineteenth-century French Impressionism, which sought to recreate outward sensations.
Neoplasticism also known as De Stijl: The Return to Order: The hard outlines around his female figures emphasize the two-dimensionality of the canvas while contrasting visually with the passage of color from one form to another.
It is clear, for example, that certain brushstrokes move from one figure to another across what should be their outline. In The Joy of Life, yellow, blue-green, and pink nudes dance, sing, and frolic in an untouched, multicolored Eden. By alternately exaggerating and simplifying forms, Matisse made artistic choices that emphasized the canvas as a two-dimensional support for the harmonious juxtaposition of color rather than any sort of accurate representation of nature.
Responding to charges of ugliness made about his Blue Nude ofMatisse famously quipped: Above all, I do not create a woman, I make a picture.
Expressionism, largely a German invention, was represented by two major groups: A simple and telling exercise: Though these women address the viewer, their eyes are blackened, implying an inability or unwillingness to make basic human connections.
A concern over the effects of modernity and the city on the human psyche was a leitmotif of Expressionist thought.
Der Blaue Reiter The Blue Rider was formed in in Munich and focused on the possibility of pure abstraction art without recognizable objects. The leader of Der Blaue Reiter, Wassily Kandinsky wrote an influential treatise entitled On the Spiritual in Art in that, among other things, argued that abstraction offered a universality that representation could not, and that color acted autonomously from form as a carrier for spiritual values thought to be lost in the experience of modernity.
If, as Kandinsky suggests, color could exist outside of form, what would it look like? Kandinsky and his followers were fond of comparing visual art to music. Consider terms mutually used to describe art and music, like tone, harmony, and—for Kandinsky—the names of his paintings themselves: Music, in the eyes of the Expressionists, was the perfect metaphor for abstract art; though it has form and tone, though it can be felt and heard, its forms cannot be seen.
They can, however, be written, notated, and visualized. Bach comes to mindor the Futurists or Dadaists who followed them, for that matter. This is how, for example, it is possible to see the women he represented both frontally and in profile.
The visual innovations of Cubism and Expressionism catalyzed artists across Europe who sought to express the modern age in their art.Links. HOW did the Causes cause revolution? - important matching game.
Textbook accounts: PJ Larkin, Revolution in Russia () Peter Moss, History Alive () Reed Brett, European History () Chris Culpin, Making History () - recommended reading; analyses the cause into long-term and short term. Austria was the most reactionary country on the face of the earth.
The Austrian Hapsburgs were the bulwark of the Papacy for over 1, years, and they were still smarting from the loss of the Papal States. Shell shock is a term coined in World War I to describe the type of posttraumatic stress disorder many soldiers were afflicted with during the war (before PTSD itself was a term).
It is a reaction to the intensity of the bombardment and fighting that produced a helplessness appearing variously as panic and being scared, flight, or an inability to reason, sleep, walk or talk. [Note: the AQA syllabus only requires you to know about the Arms Race and the System of Alliances, but you may wish to treat nationalism, imperialism and awful governments as essential background knowledge.].
The argument which follows suggests that Europe in was RIPE for war to break out - that the causes of World War One went back long before , and had so set Europe at odds that it.
World War I is the "Great War", the war to end all wars. The United States wanted the world to know, we were NEUTRAL, but were we really? Politically, economically and psychologically, we were not.
I am sorry if this comes across as snarky but it really has to be said. “CEO pay is mostly justified” is not “A known fact”.
It is a deeply contested claim debated by mounds of .